Excerpts from two WW2-era American publications. The first is:

Among the interesting tidbits is a description of the average height and weight of Japanese soldiers during World War 2. According to the publication:

“The Japanese soldier is small in stature in comparison with Americans. His average height is 5 feet 3 1/2 inches; his weight, 116 to 120 pounds. His limbs are short and thick. Despite the reputation of the Japanese for quickness and agility, the average soldier even after rigorous training is apt to be awkward. His posture is faulty, and his normal gait shuffling. His teeth usually are poor and often are protruding. Although the average Japanese is cleanly in his personal habits, sanitation measures of Japanese troops in the field are inadequate according to Western standards.”

This height is significantly shorter than today, where the average Japanese adult male is about 5 feet 7 inches. This increase is likely due to a richer diet (overall caloric intake, more vitamins, etc.)

The other publication is less delicately titled. It’s a relatively well-known US Army pamphlet called “How to spot a Jap” (link). Here’s the front and inside cover (source):

 

The pamphlet was included in the 1942 “Pocket Guide to China”, which instructed American soldiers on how to distinguish between Chinese and Japanese people.

1. “How about showing the men a few points of difference between the Japs and our oriental Allies!”

How to spot a Jap

2. “J has buck teeth…The Chinese smiles easily – the Jap usually expects to be shot…”

How to spot a Jap - Copy (2)

3. “Have the two men repeat a sentence like “Smith left the fortress” (or a similar line)” “- Or try Lalapalooza on them! – that’s a panic!”

How to spot a Jap - Copy (3)

4. “Watch out for for sleeve guns and other comic strip gadgets…the Japs are experts at such stuff…”

How to spot a Jap - Copy (4)

5. “Short, squat, fairly heavy beard…lemon-yellow skin, slanted eyes”

How to spot a Jap - Copy (5)

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